The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories - Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Many believe that the groups originated from Brahma, the Hindu God of creation. India's caste system is among the world's oldest forms of surviving social stratification. The system which divides Hindus into rigid hierarchical groups based on their karma (work) and dharma (the Hindi word for religion, but here it means duty) is generally accepted to be more than 3,000 years old.
The Indian Caste System
What is the purpose of the Caste System
- Hierarchical Group Separation
- Karma and Dharma
- Hindu Gods and Goddesses
India is a subcontinent located in South of Asian continent. It is considered a subcontinent because it covers an expansive area of land that includes the Himalayan region in the north, the Gangetic Plain as well as the plateau region in the south.
India- A Subcontinent
Why is India considered to be a subcontinent?
Harappan architecture is the architecture of the Bronze Age Indus Valley civilization, an ancient society of people who lived during c. 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE in the Indus Valley of modern-day Pakistan and India. The civilization's cities were noted for their urban planning, baked brick houses, elaborate drainage systems, water supply systems, clusters of large non-residential buildings, and new techniques in handicraft (carnelian products, seal carving) and metallurgy (copper, bronze, lead, and tin). Its large urban centers of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa very likely grew to containing between 30,000 and 60,000 individuals, and the civilization itself during its florescence may have contained between one and five million individuals.
Famous Cities of the Indus Valley Civilization
What can we say about the ingenious development of the Mohenjo-daro and Harappan during the Indus Valley civilization?
- It was well advanced for its time with its infrastructure
- they traded a lot
- they had air conditioning
Who were the first to develop the Hindu religion?
- Aryans/ Indo Europeans
- The Vedas (Vedic Age)
- Mauriyans (Mauryan Empire)
- The Gupta Period
Right Belief = ??? (name one of The Three Qualities according to the chart)
Right Conduct = ??? (name one of The Three Qualities according to the chart)
Right Effort = ??? (name one of The Three Qualities according to the chart)
True or False: Ashoka converted to Hinduism.
True or False: Ashoka fought the Kalinga and declared to rule in peace
True or False: Ashoka built missionaries to spread Buddhism far and wide