Prior knowledge: Can you name one of the Earth's climates?
The earth has a variety of climates, ranging from cold polar and mountain climates to warm tropical climates. These climates are largely determined by the average temperature and precipitation of an area. Climate change is making some areas of the earth warmer or cooler than they were before.
Different Climates on Earth
Climate: the average weather patterns of a region over a long period of time. Greenhouse Effect: the process by which the atmosphere traps heat from the sun. Seasons: the four divisions of a year in the temperate zones of the Earth, marked by changes in weather and daylight.
The hottest recorded temperature on Earth was 134°F (56.7°C) in Death Valley, California, USA in 1913. The coldest recorded temperature on Earth was -128.6°F (-89.2°C) at Vostok Station, Antarctica, in 1983. The highest temperature ever recorded in the United Kingdom was 38.7°C (101.7°F) in Faversham, Kent, in 2003.
Grab a book and a buddy: What are the main differences between the tropical, temperate, and polar climates?
Work together in pairs: What are the three main climate zones found on Earth?
Question: What are the different climates found on Earth and where are they located? Clues: • The earth has seven major climate regions. • These regions are based on the average temperature and precipitation of the area. • The seven major climate regions are tropical, dry, temperate, continental, polar, highland, and marine. In pairs: Select and solve one of the tasks: A. Using a world map, draw the boundaries of the climate regions. B. Create a chart to compare the temperature and precipitation of each climate region.
How can you use the knowledge you have gained to help protect the environment?
Which of the following is NOT a climate type?
Which type of climate is characterized by long, dry summers and mild winters with moderate rainfall?
- Mediterranean Climate
- Tropical Climate
- Continental Climate
'Temperate' climates are characterized by what type of weather conditions?
- Mild and moderate
- Cold and snowy
- Hot and dry
What defines a 'Polar' climate?
- Permafrost, ice, and snow cover
- High humidity levels
- Intense heatwaves
'Monsoon' climate is typically found in which region of the world?
- South Asia
- North America
What are the effects of climate change on the different climates around the world?
What have you learned about the climates of the Earth?