In a few words, what is physical fitness?
Components of Fitness
Physical Fitness is composed of 5 components: cardiovascular, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition, Cardiovascular fitness is the ability of the heart and lungs to deliver oxygen to working muscles. Muscular strength is the ability of the muscle to exert force. Muscular endurance is the ability to use the muscles for an extended period of time.
components of fitness
Flexibility: The ability to move joints through their full range of motion. Body Composition: The ratio of body fat to lean muscle.
The Benefits of Regular Exercise
Exercise can improve your physical health, helping you to maintain a healthy weight and strengthen your muscles and bones. It can also help to reduce your risk of developing chronic diseases like heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Regular exercise can also help your mental health, reducing stress and anxiety and improving your overall mood.
Aerobic exercise uses the body’s large muscles for a sustained period of time. It uses oxygen and produces carbon dioxide as a byproduct. Aerobic exercise raises your heart rate and increases your body’s use of oxygen and therefore improves cardiovascular endurance.
Examples of Aerobic Exercise
Examples: running, walking, swimming, cross-country skiing
Anaerobic Exercise: These are more intense activities that make your body work really hard for a short time. During these exercises, your body doesn't use as much oxygen for energy. Instead, it uses stored energy in your muscles. Think of quick bursts of energy, like sprinting or lifting heavy weights. These exercises help make your muscles strong and powerful.
Examples of Anaerobic Exercise
Examples: lifting weights, push-ups, sprinting
Aerobic exercise is any form of activity that uses large muscle groups, can be maintained continuously, and uses oxygen to meet energy demands. Anaerobic exercise is any form of activity that is intense and of short duration. It does not use oxygen to meet energy demands. Both aerobic and anaerobic exercise benefit health and fitness, but for different reasons.
Aerobic vs Anaerobic Exercise
10. Personalised Feedback
What are the key differences between aerobic and anaerobic exercises, and give an example of each.
Name one component of fitness?
Which component of fitness refers to the ability of muscles to exert force against resistance?
Which component of fitness is related to the range of motion in a joint?
Which component of fitness involves the ability to sustain physical activity over an extended period?
- Muscular Endurance
FITT stands for Frequency, Intensity, Time, and Type of activity. Frequency is how often you exercise. Intensity is how hard. Time is how long you exercise. Type is the kind of activity you do (e.g. walking, running, swimming, etc.).
FITT Principle: Frequency, Intensity, Time, and Type. The FITT Principle is used in physical activity and exercise to develop a program that is tailored to an individual's needs for optimal health and fitness. Frequency refers to how often an activity is performed, Intensity is the level of intensity of the activity, Time is the duration of each activity session, and Type is the type of activity performed. Variability: The FITT Principle should be applied with variability, meaning that the frequency, intensity, time, and type of activity should vary over time. Variability allows for greater progress to be made and injury prevention. Progression: The intensity of the activity should be gradually increased over time. Progression is important to ensure that the body is continuously challenged and progress is made.
What are the four components of the FITT Principle?
Did you know?
Exercising regularly can improve brain function: it can help to increase your memory, and focus, and even protect your brain from age-related decline. Strength training can help to reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and some forms of cancer. Doing flexibility exercises such as stretching can help to improve posture and reduce the risk of injury.
What activities have you done recently that have improved your physical fitness?
What are the benefits of being physically active?