In what year did the Punic Wars begin?
The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought by Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC This was the largest and most important war in the history of the Ancient Mediterranean world It marked the end of Carthage as a major power and led to Rome's emergence as a dominant force in the region
The Punic Wars
Carthage: An ancient city-state located in modern-day Tunisia along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea Rome: An ancient city-state located in central Italy, which was founded in 753BC and became one of the most powerful empires of its time Mediterranean Sea: A large sea located between Europe, Africa, and Asia, connected to the Atlantic Ocean
What was the most significant consequence of the Punic Wars?
- The rise of Rome as a major power in the Mediterranean region
- The spread of the Latin language
- The destruction of the city-state of Carthage
- The birth of Hannibal, the famous military leader
Hannibal led an army of over 40,000 soldiers and 37 elephants across the Alps during the Second Punic War. During the Third Punic War, Rome destroyed the city of Carthage, making sure that it would never rise again. After the Third Punic War, Rome renamed Carthage to Colonia Iunonia Cirta, meaning “New City of Junius.”
Draw / write: What were the main causes of the Punic Wars?
Draw / write: How did the Punic Wars contribute to the decline of the Roman Republic?
What were the similarities and differences between the two Punic Wars?
What lessons can we learn from the Punic Wars?