The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was a law passed by Congress under the presidency of Andrew Jackson. The act authorized the president to negotiate with native tribes in the southeastern United States for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River. It has been identified as one of the most aggressive acts of the US government against Native Americans.
The Indian Removal Act
Andrew Jackson: 7th President of the United States (1829-1837) Native Tribes: Groups of indigenous people who lived in an area before it was colonized by Europeans Federal Territory: Land owned by the federal government Worcester v Georgia - Supreme court victory for Cherokees that Jackson violated
In a few words, what does the Indian Removal Act do?
The Cherokee Nation sued the US government for its removal, leading to a Supreme Court ruling that declared it unconstitutional. The Choctaw Nation was the first to be removed, followed by the Cherokee, Chickasaw and Seminoles. The Indian Removal Act led to what is now known as the Trail of Tears, a forced march of Native Americans over 1,000 miles long.
When was the Indian Removal Act passed?
What did the Indian Removal Act do?
- It introduced policies to protect Native American tribes
- It provided funds for Native Americans to move West
- It ended the practice of slavery
- It allowed Native American tribes to remain on their land
Which president signed the Indian Removal Act?
- James Monroe
- John Tyler
- Andrew Jackson
- James Madison
Which Native American tribe was the first to be removed under the Indian Removal Act?
Table Talk: What were the long-term effects of the Indian Removal Act on Native American communities?