The First Crusade: A Medieval Adventure
In 1095, Pope Urban II called for a holy war to reclaim the Holy Land from Muslim rule. A huge army of knights, priests, and peasants set out on a dangerous journey to Jerusalem. The First Crusade was a success, and the city of Jerusalem was captured in 1099.
What do you think were the results of the first crusade?
- The crusade was a success and resulted in a large number of Christian victories.
- The crusade was a failure and resulted in a large number of Christian losses.
- The crusade was a partial success with some victories and some losses for both sides.
- The crusade had no real effect on the situation.
Did you know?
The 1st Crusade was initiated by Pope Urban II, who declared a holy war against Muslims at the Council of Clermont in 1095. Pope Urban II's call to arms for the 1st Crusade was answered by nearly 30,000 people, mostly from France. The 1st Crusade was led by four major European noblemen, known as the 'Princes of Outremer': Godfrey of Bouillon, Raymond of Saint-Gilles, Bohemond of Taranto, and Robert of Normandy.
What were the main goals of the 1st Crusade?
What were the results of the 1st Crusade?
How did the 1st Crusade shape the course of European history?
The 2nd Crusade was an attempt by European Christians to reclaim Jerusalem from Muslim control. It was called by Pope Eugene III in 1145, and lasted until 1149. The crusade was unsuccessful, and was the first of several unsuccessful attempts to reclaim the Holy Land.
2nd Crusade: The Second Crusade (1147–1149) was the second major crusade launched from Europe as a response to the fall of the County of Edessa to the forces of Zengi in 1144.
Urban II: Urban II (1035–29 July 1099) was Pope from 1088 to 1099 and called for the 2nd Crusade in response to the fall of Edessa.
Zengi: Zengi (1085–1146) was a Muslim ruler who captured Edessa in 1144, prompting calls for a 2nd Crusade.
In what year did the 2nd crusade begin?