ANCIENT UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
Name two ancient units of measurement.
Babylonians used the shekel as their main unit of weight which was equal to around 11 grams, used to measure the values of goods and services, used in Bronze Age Europe for balance weights and fragments of bronze that may have served as money. The talent was an Ancient unit of weight used to measure gold, silver, and other precious metals, usually equal to about 60 to 80 pounds.
Ancient Units of Measurement
Homer: An ancient Hebrew unit of dry capacity, or liquids, usually equal to about 6 bushels (unit of volume that is used for measuring agricultural produce such as corn or beans, equivalent in volume to 8 gallons), or 220 liters. The Ancient Greeks used the Olympic foot in their measurements which was only 12.2 inches long. The Greek unit of stade consisted of 625 Roman feet (185 metres or 606.9 feet), or 125 paces, and was equal to one-eighth of a mile
A cubit, used in Mesopotamia, and also used by the Egyptians to build the pyramids is the measure from the tip of your middle finger to the tip of your elbow, approximately 17 to 22 inches. The fathom is the measure from fingertip to fingertip when your arms are stretched sideways as far as they can go. The hand/span is the measure from the tip of your pinky to the tip of your thumb when your hand is stretched out. You still hear people talk about horses as being so many hands high.
Did you know?
The pace (two steps: one-step is a stride) was used by the Romans to describe the rate of movement of their soldiers. A foot was determined by the length of a person’s foot. The girth is the measure around your stomach (your belt measure). Fishing line was measured in girths. A palm is the width found by placing your four fingers together.
Did you know?
Work together in pairs: What were the ancient units of measurement used for?
How did ancient civilizations develop their own unique units of measurement?
ETYMOLOGY OF MEASUREMENT The word "measure" comes from the Latin word "mensura" and from the Greek word "metron". Measurement and its practical applications have been present in all human civilization, in ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China, Greece, and Rome.
Measurement is the process by which human beings obtain useful quantitative information about the different physical aspects of objects such as length, weight, area, volume, time, and temperature. The growth of technology drives men to measure all sorts of physical, mechanical, electrical, and biological properties of things because precise and accurate measurement is fundamental to technology-driven survival strategy.
Brain break: Draw a upside-down fish doing a handstand
Which ancient civilization used the unit of measurement called 'cubit'?
What ancient unit of length was approximately equal to the distance from a man's fingertip to his elbow?
'Talent' was an ancient unit of measurement used for measuring what?
Which ancient civilization used the 'stade' as a unit of length?
The 'shekel' was an ancient unit of what?