QUESTÃO 01: (UNIFOR) In the age-old battle between independence-seeking teenagers and worried parents, the older generation is packing some new weapons. Caller ID tells parents who is calling their kids. Cell-phone bills detail every local number the kid has called. New computer programs track just about everything − every Web site visited, every e-mail sent − that a teenager does online. Parental reconnaissance is going to get worse − or good, depending on your perspective. (Wall Street Journal, Nov. 6, 2000) Os verbos que estão no Simple Present, no texto, são: a) worried – has called – does b) detail – track – get c) worried – visited – sent d) is packing – is calling – is going e) tells – detail – track
Explicação: Para formar as flexões de terceira pessoa do singular (he, she, it) no Simple Present, temos como regra geral o acréscimo de –s ao final do verbo, sem o “to”. (Exemplo: to tell > tells). Para as demais pessoas (I, you, we, you e they), a flexão no Simple Present corresponde ao verbo no infinitivo sem o “to”e sem acréscimo do (-s). Exemplos: to tell (dizer) > tell (diz); to detail (detalhar) > detail (detalha); to track (rastrear) > track (rastreia). Alternativa correta: e) tells – detail – track
QUESTÃO 02: (UNCISAL) Minister Norman Baker wants end to UK animal tests By Brian Wheeler Political reporter The minister in charge of regulating animal experiments in the UK has said he wants to see an end to all testing. [...] Disponível em: www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-28580792 Ao seguir a regra gramatical de conjugação de verbos, de acordo com o exemplo da manchete da reportagem acima, a frase “She _____________ her dignity at any price” será completada da seguinte forma com o verbo “to pursue”. a) pursued. b) pursuing. c) pursuyed. d) pursues. e) pursue.
Explicação: Para terceira pessoa do singular (he, she ou it), usamos o verbo com acréscimo do “s”. Portanto, alternativa correta: d) pursues.
QUESTÃO 03: (SEDUC) If the clause “she was the luckiest woman alive” (l.2) had been used in the simple present tense, the verbal form “was” should be replaced by: a) am b) are c) has d) were e) is
The E-Factor Good news! We can all develop the quality that can make you happy, successful – even thin! When I first met my friend Carol, I was convinced she was the luckiest woman alive. It seems like everything in her world is always wonderful. She describes her husband as “the greatest guy you could meet” and her job as “fantastic”! When she talks about places she’s been or people she’s met, she uses words like awesome, fabulous and terrific. But over the years as I’ve gotten to know her better, I’ve realized that Carol is no luckier than anyone else. Like all of us, she has her ups and downs too. But what is special about Sher is her attitude. No matter what happens, Carol looks at the bright side. She is able to remain positive, energetic, vivacious. She’s absolutely and totally enthusiastic! In the beginning, I asked myself: “How can anyone be happy all the time?” But, now, I admire this character trait. It works for her. She does well at work, has lots of friends and she really seems to enjoy what she’s doing. I truly think she will always be full of enthusiasm!
Explicação: “Was” é a flexão do Simple Past do verbo “to be”, usada para a terceira pessoa do singular (he, she, it). “Is” é a flexão de Simple Present do verbo “to be” usada para a terceira pessoa do singular (he, she, it). Resumindo, “Was” é o passado de “is”. Alternativa correta: e) is
QUESTÃO 04: Complete the sentences with the correct auxiliary: She ____________ go to school on Saturdays. She only ________________ on weekdays. And you? ___________ you study on weekends? a) is/studying/Do b) doesn’t/studies/Do c) don’t/studies/Does d) doesn’t/study/Do
Explicação: O auxiliar DOES é usado para os pronomes he, she, it e o auxiliar DO é usado para os demais pronomes (I, you, we, you e they). Para frases negativas, basta adicionar o NOT na frente dos auxiliares. Ex: DO + NOT e DOES + NOT, ou recorrer à forma contraída respectivamente: DON ́T e DOESN ́T. Para construção de frases afirmativas acrescentamos o “s”, “es” ou “ies” ao final do verbo, mas lembre somente para a 3a pessoa do singular (he, she, it). Ex: She only studies on weeksdays (Ela somente estuda nos dias da semana.) Portanto, alternativa correta: b) doesn’t/studies/Do
QUESTÃO 05: (Instituto AOCP/ 2020) The sentence “Do you really mean that?” taken from the comic strip, express: a) A question in the simple present tense. b) A surprise in the present progressive tense. c) A doubt in the past tense. d) A hypothesis in the future tense.
Explicação: O DO é o auxiliar do Present Simple. Portanto, toda vez que observado em frases interrogativas ou negativas tenha certeza que pertence ao tempo verbal Presente Simples. Alternativa correta: a) A question in the simple present tense.
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