Identifying and describing the major aquatic and terrestrial biomes of Australia and the world, and their spatial distribution.
Biomes: Earth's Different Habitats
Biomes are regions of the world with distinct climates, plants, and animals. There are six major biomes: tundra, taiga, grasslands, temperate deciduous forest, tropical rainforest, and desert. Biomes are shaped by their climate and geography.
Biome: a large, naturally occurring community of plants and animals that occupies a major habitat, such as grassland, desert, tundra, freshwater, and marine
Ecosystem: a biological environment consisting of all the organisms living in a particular area as well as all the nonliving, physical components of the environment with which the organisms interact, such as air, soil, water, and sunlight
Biodiversity: the variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat, a high level of which is usually considered to be important and desirable
Did you know?
There are 5 major biomes in the world: tundra, desert, grassland, temperate forest, and tropical rainforest. Terrestrial Biomes: Land-based ecosystems. Aquatic Biomes: Water-based ecosystems. The Amazon rainforest is the largest biome in the world, covering 40% of South America's land mass. Every biome is made of many smaller biomes, which are called microclimates.
Tundra Location: High latitudes, near the poles. Climate: Cold, with permafrost. Flora & Fauna: Low-growing plants, reindeer, polar bears.
Taiga Location: Subarctic regions. Climate: Cold winters, short summers. Flora & Fauna: Coniferous trees, wolves, moose. Temperate Deciduous Forest Location: Eastern North America, Europe. Climate: Four seasons. Flora & Fauna: Oak, maple trees, deer, squirrels. Rainforest Location: Near the equator. Climate: Warm and wet year-round. Flora & Fauna: Diverse plant and animal species.
Savanna Location: Subtropical regions. Climate: Warm with distinct wet and dry seasons. Flora & Fauna: Acacia trees, lions, elephants.
Desert Location: Arid regions. Climate: Hot days, cold nights, and low rainfall. Flora & Fauna: Cacti, camels, snakes. Grassland Location: Central North America, Africa. Climate: Seasonal rainfall, grass-dominated. Flora & Fauna: Grasses, bison, prairie dogs.
Freshwater Biomes Examples: Lakes, rivers, ponds. Flora & Fauna: Fish, amphibians, aquatic plants. Marine Biomes Examples: Oceans, coral reefs. Flora & Fauna: Fish, dolphins, coral, seaweed.
Work together in pairs: What is the approximate spatial distribution of the tropical rainforest biome in Australia and the world?
10. Personalised Feedback
How do different biomes support and sustain a wide variety of plant and animal species?
Work together in pairs: What is one way in which human activities can negatively impact the biodiversity of a biome?
Brain break: Draw a chicken with roller skates wearing a karate belt and throwing a marshmallow
13. Personalised Feedback
Explain how plants and animals adapt to different biomes. Use examples of a particular species and list their characteristics that help them survive in their biome.
What did you learn today?
Which biome is characterized by extremely low temperatures, little precipitation, and a layer of permanently frozen soil?
Which biome is known for having the highest biodiversity on Earth?
What type of biome is dominated by grasses and scattered trees?
Which biome is characterized by hot temperatures, little rainfall, and cacti as the main vegetation?
- Tropical Rainforest
Which biome has cold winters, moderate rainfall, and coniferous forests?