Biomes: Earth's Major Habitats
Biomes are large regions of the world with distinct climates and types of plants and animals. There are 6 major biomes: Tropical Rainforest, Grassland, Desert, Tundra, Taiga, and Temperate Forest. Each biome has unique characteristics and adaptations that help the plants and animals that live there survive.
Biome: A biome is a large, naturally-occurring community of plants and animals that occupies a major habitat, such as a desert, grassland, or coral reef.
Aquatic Biome: An aquatic biome is an aquatic ecosystem that is made up of living organisms and nonliving components that interact with each other.
Terrestrial Biome: A terrestrial biome is a land-based ecosystem that is made up of living organisms and nonliving components that interact with each other.
Did you know?
The world's driest desert, the Atacama Desert, is located in South America and is home to a variety of unique and unusual species such as the pink fairy armadillo and the kangaroo rat. The Antarctic tundra is the coldest and driest biome on Earth and is home to the only species of penguin native to the continent. The Amazon rainforest is home to the greatest variety of plant and animal species of any biome on Earth and is home to one third of all plant and animal species on the planet.
What are some of the major biomes of the world?
What is the difference between a biome and an ecosystem?
How does the climate in each biome affect the way that organisms live?
How is the diversity of biomes important to keeping the earth healthy?
Brain break: Draw a dinosaur doing a funny dance at a birthday party.
Which biome is characterized by extremely cold temperatures, little precipitation, and a layer of permanently frozen ground?
Which biome is known for its dense canopy of trees, high rainfall, and high biodiversity?
Which biome is dominated by grasses and scattered trees or shrubs, with hot summers and cold winters?
This biome has hot temperatures year-round, abundant sunlight, and limited rainfall. It is home to cacti and other desert-adapted plants.
- Tropical Rainforest
- Temperate Forest
The largest terrestrial biome on Earth that features long, cold winters and coniferous forests is called:
Work together in pairs: What is the main factor that determines the type of plants and animals that can live in a particular biome?