Lesson 9- Final Lesson
A community is a group of people who live, work or play together. They help each other out, care for each other and make sure everyone feels included. It's like being part of a big family where everyone is welcome and everyone has their own special talents. Being part of a community means you have friends to play with, people to talk to and lots of fun things to do together! A community is a group of people who have common characteristics
Describe your vision of an ideal community. Consider the following: What characteristics would the community have? What kind of structures (i.e. buildings, organizations, etc.) would the community have? How would roles in the community be divided? How would people treat each other? What would make this community different from other communities? Draw or write your thoughts.
Differences reflect our values and create valuable diversity in our communities - in our homes, on the web, in our school, neighborhoods, churches, and organizations
Communities are difficult to describe with a short explanation because they include such a wide range of factors. Communities can be defined by location, race, ethnicity, age, occupation, social network, shared values, relationships, interest, a focus on particular problems or outcomes, or any other common bond.
The environment is everything around us - the air we breathe, the water we drink and use, and the food we consume. It's also the chemicals, radiation, microbes, and physical forces with which we come into contact. Our interactions with the environment are complex and are not always healthy.
Air pollution is due to chemical substances and particles released into the air mainly by human actions. Most air pollutants can be traced to the burning of fossil fuels.
Fossil fuels are burned during many processes, including in power plants to create electricity, in factories to make machinery run, in power stoves and furnaces for heating, and in waste facilities. Perhaps one of the biggest uses of fossil fuels is in transportation. Fossil fuels are used in cars, trains, and planes.
Worldwide, there are more deaths linked to air pollution each year than to car accidents.
1: Asthma is a respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing, coughing, and a feeling of constriction in the chest.
Respiratory system disorders are directly related to air pollution.
2. Bronchitis is inflammation of the membrane lining of the bronchial tubes of the lungs. 3. Emphysema is a deadly lung disease characterized by abnormal enlargement of air spaces in the lungs and destruction of the lung tissue.
Headache Inflammation of eyes, nose, or throat Cough Pneumonia or bronchitis Skin irritation
Short Term Health Effects of Air Pollution
Affects central nervous system (headaches, anxiety) Cardiovascular disease Respiratory diseases (cancer, asthma)
Long-term health effects of air pollution
Name 2 short-term and 2 long-term health effects of air pollution
A worldwide problem. Almost anything released into the air or onto the land can end up in Earth’s water.
In the developed nations there are three main sources of water pollution: Agriculture Industry Municipal- (households and businesses)
Sources of Water Pollution
Chemicals such as fertilizer can be picked up by rainwater. The chemicals can end up in streams, ponds, lakes, or the oceann which can cause excessive growth of algae. This is called an algal bloom . The algae out-compete other water organisms and may make the water unfit for human consumption or recreation. This can lead to dead zones where nothing can live in lakes or the coastal oceans
Factories and power plants may pollute water with harmful substances. Many industries produce toxic chemicals. Oil tanks and pipelines can leak.
Households and businesses in a community can pollute the water supply. Municipal pollution comes from sewage, storm drains, septic tanks, boats, and runoff from yards.
Brain break: Draw a creature that combines features of both a caterpillar and a walrus!
Advocacy is the active support of a cause, person, or issue. Health advocacy uses communication such as speaking or writing to influence and support others in making positive health decisions. There are different levels of advocacy: individual, community, and activism.
What is a main issues that needs to be addressed in your community in order to improve health outcomes?
Defintion- Advocacy or action benefits only you. Example 1: Bring a healthy lunch to school every day. Example 2:Limit family’s use of single-use plastic and recycles what they do use.
Individual level of advocacy
Give another example of advocacy on the individual level
Definition: Advocacy or action benefits another or small group. Example: You form an environmental club at school that collects paper and plastic during school and hosts an electronic recycling day once a year.
Give another example of advocacy on the community level
Definition: On-going or sustainable action that benefits a large group. Example: Advocate to change state laws to require schools to provide well-balanced meals.
Activism Level of Advocacy
Advocates help to identify community health needs and develop strategies to address them. Advocates can work to raise awareness of health issues and mobilize people to work together for solutions. Advocates work to ensure that everyone, regardless of background, has access to quality health care.
Community Health Advocacy
Community Health Advocacy: Refers to the movement of individuals and organizations who work together to promote public health and advocate for health-related policies, laws, and regulations.
In the United States, there are over 1000 different community health advocacy organizations working to improve the health of individuals and communities. The Community Health Advocacy Network (CHAN) is a global online platform that connects organizations working on health advocacy issues. Community health advocates often use evidence-based strategies to advocate for better health outcomes, such as working with policymakers, conducting research, and engaging in grassroots campaigns.
Did you know?
What is community health advocacy?
- A process of promoting public health through the mobilization of community resources
- A research study on the impact of healthcare policies on vulnerable populations
- A program to train healthcare professionals
Work together in pairs: What strategies could you use to promote health awareness in your community?
What are some examples of community health advocacy interventions?
- Environmental impact assessments and occupational safety regulations
- Community education programs, lobbying for policy change, and grassroots organizing
- Clinical trials, medical device development, and pharmaceutical research
Why is community health advocacy important?
- It helps healthcare providers deliver better care by identifying gaps in services.
- It generates revenue for hospitals and clinics.
- It empowers communities to address their own health needs and promotes social justice.
Who can be a community health advocate?
- Only individuals with a medical or public health degree are qualified to serve as advocates.
- Anyone who is passionate about improving public health can be a community advocate.
- Advocacy roles are limited to elected officials at the local or national level.
What skills does a good community health advocate need?
- Effective communication skills, cultural competency, critical thinking abilities, leadership qualities.
- Physical endurance and stamina to work long hours in high-pressure environments.
- Advanced technical skills such as data analysis or laboratory techniques.
What is the leading cause of death worldwide?
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Respiratory diseases
Work together in pairs: What are the three most important things you have learned about non-infectious diseases?