In a few words, explain what is meant by absolutism in Europe?
Absolutism was a type of government where a ruler had total control of the state and its citizens. Conflicts such as the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) and the English Civil War (1642-1651) arose due to the introduction of absolutism. These conflicts changed the political landscape of Europe, shaped the future of the continent, and set the stage for modern European history.
Conflicts and Absolutism in Europe
Conflicts: A disagreement or argument, often violent, between two opposing groups or individuals. Absolutism: A political system in which a ruler has absolute power and is not legally bound by a constitution. Europe: A continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Absolutism and conflicts in Europe shaped the modern landscape of Europe. For example, the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) ended with the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, which marked the end of religious wars in Europe. The War of the Spanish Succession in 1701-1714 resulted in the transfer of the Spanish throne to the Bourbon Dynasty, which still rules Spain today. The War of Austrian Succession (1740-1748) resulted in the Pragmatic Sanction, which allowed Empress Maria Theresa to ascend to the throne as the first female ruler of the Habsburgs.
Did you know?
Work together in pairs: What were some of the main causes of conflicts between rulers in Europe during the age of absolutism?
Which country in Europe was known for having an absolute monarchy?
Which treaty put an end to 'The Thirty Years War'?
- Treaty of Westphalia
- Treaty of Paris
- Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle