"To interpret deviance theories and how they explain criminal behavior."
Deviance theories explain why people defy social norms and behave differently from the majority in society. These theories may include psychological, sociological, and biological explanations. Deviance theories seek to understand why certain behaviors are deemed 'deviant' or 'wrong' in a given society.
Deviance theories suggest that a person's behavior is a result of how they are treated in a particular context and not necessarily the person themselves. The concept of deviance is largely a matter of social construction and can vary between different cultures and societies. Some deviance theories suggest that deviance can be seen as a positive force in society, as it allows for social change and progress.
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Studies of deviance theories have found that most deviance is committed by males between the ages of 15-25. The most common deviance theories focus on how individuals learn to deviate from social norms. The term 'deviance' is derived from the Latin 'deviare', which means 'to stray from the path.'
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Social Strain Typology
Categorized deviances based on (1) a person's motivations or adherence to cultural goals; (2) a person's belief in how to attain their goals. 5 criteria: conformity, innovation, ritualism, retreatism and rebellion
Deviance helps to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable behavior. In addition to clarifying the moral boundaries of society, deviant behavior can also promote social unity by creating an "us-versus-them" mentality in relation to deviant individuals. Finally, deviance is actually seen as one means for society to change over time.
Deviant behaviors result from social, political, or material inequalities of a social group. In response to these inequalities, certain groups will act deviantly in order to change their circumstances, change the social structure that caused their circumstances, or just to "act out" against their oppressors.
People become deviant as a result of others forcing that identity upon them. This process works because of stigma; in applying a deviant label, one attaches a stigmatized identity to the labeled individual.
Work together in pairs: What is the overall goal of deviance theories in explaining criminal behavior?
Expand Your Vocabulary
Go to the Course Canvas and click on Introduction to Risk and Protective Factors. Read the text. (1) Pick a word you don’t know from a text you are reading and underline or highlight the word. (2) Pronounce the word. (3) Read the text around the word to see if there are related words you can add to your map. (4) Look up the word and find a definition. (5)Find words and phrases that fit with the meaning. (6) Read the text again, applying the meaning of the word to the text.
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According to labeling theory, how does society contribute to the creation and perpetuation of deviant behavior?
According to strain theory, what is the primary cause of deviance?
- The discrepancy between socially accepted goals and the means to achieve them
- Biological factors
- Psychological factors
Which theory suggests that individuals engage in deviant behavior due to their association with deviant peers?
- Social Learning Theory
- Labeling Theory
- Control Theory
Deviance theories suggest that deviant behavior is learned through the process of social interactions with others. Deviance theories often suggest that people who commit deviant acts can be labeled as 'others', and can be treated as outcasts from society. Deviance theories suggest that deviance can be seen as a form of resistance, or as a way to challenge dominant social norms.
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Work together in pairs: Question: How do the four deviance theories (social strain typology, structural functionalism, conflict theory, and labeling theory) explain criminal behavior differently?
Head over to Canvas and complete the EdPuzzle Crime: Crash Course Sociology #20