What was the purpose of English colonization in America?
The English began colonizing America in the early 17th century with the founding of Jamestown, Virginia. The English established 13 colonies, which eventually formed the basis of the United States. The English brought a legacy of democratic ideals, religious freedom, and economic development to the colonies.
English Colonization in America
Colonialism: The policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. English Colonies: Areas of North America, parts of what is now Canada, and the Caribbean that were under control of the English monarchy during the 17th and 18th centuries. Mercantilism: An economic theory and practice common in Europe from the 16th to the 18th centuries that promoted governmental regulation of a nation's economy for the purpose of augmenting state power at the expense of rival national powers.
The English colonization of America was partially funded by the Virginia Company of London, which was a joint-stock company chartered by King James I in 1606. The first permanent English settlement in North America was established in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia. The English colonization of America was primarily motivated by the search for resources, such as gold, silver and precious stones, as well as the desire to spread Christianity.
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Work together in pairs: What were some of the social and political consequences of English colonization in America?
What were the main reasons for English colonization in America and how did it impact the indigenous populations?
Work together in pairs: What were some of the major challenges faced by the English colonies in America during the 17th and 18th centuries?
Brain break: Draw a flying pig with a superhero cape and a slice of pizza as a sidekick!
Which English colony was founded in 1607 and became the first permanent English settlement in America?
Who was the leader of the Pilgrims that settled in Plymouth Colony?
- John Smith
- Roger Williams
- William Bradford
Which English colony was established by Roger Williams as a haven for religious freedom?
- Rhode Island
What event marked the beginning of the English colonization in America?
- The arrival of Christopher Columbus
- The founding of Jamestown
- The signing of the Mayflower Compact
Which region of present-day United States did the Puritans settle during their migration from England?
- Southern Colonies
- New England