Journey: Odysseus’s long journey home is filled with danger, adventure, and insight. Family: Odysseus’s relationships with his family, including his son Telemachus, are central to his story. Perseverance: Odysseus’s tenacity and strength of character help him to survive and eventually return home. Cunning and wit - Odysseus is known for his cleverness and ability to outsmart his enemies, which often allows him to succeed where physical strength alone would have failed.
The Odyssey: Key Themes and Ideas
Which of the following is NOT a key theme or idea in the Odyssey?
- Cunning an wit
- The Journey
- The way of the warrior
Hospitality: A trait where one shows kindness, courtesy, and respect to a guest or stranger. Odyssey: An epic poem written by Homer that tells the story of the Greek hero Odysseus and his ten year journey to return home. Heroism: The qualities of character and conduct that are admired in a person, especially courage and strength in the face of adversity. Power and influence of the gods - play a central role in the story, shaping the fates of the characters and determining the outcome of their journeys.
Name three key ideas in the Odyssey in a few words.
The Odyssey is one of the earliest surviving works of Western literature, written by the ancient Greek poet Homer in the 8th century BC. Odysseus is the main character of the Odyssey and symbolizes the ideal of an ancient Greek hero - brave, cunning, and loyal. The Odyssey is composed of 12,109 lines of dactylic hexameter—a type of meter used in Ancient Greek poetry.
Did you know?
How many lines is the Odyssey, as a poem? (Choose the closest option)
- More than 100
- More than 1,000
- More than 10,000
- More than 100,000
A recurring flaw among the characters. Odysseus - excessive pride in his intelligence and cunning, leading him to make risky decisions and underestimate the power of the gods. Other- Cyclops Polyphemus and the suitors vying for Penelope's hand in marriage, also display hubris, ultimately leading to their downfall.
Hubris (excessive pride)
Who do you think showed the most, and the least Hubris, and why? (2 answers)
Work together in pairs: What is one of the key themes or ideas in the Odyssey that speaks to you personally? Explain why.
Brain break: Draw a mythical creature singing a song with a microphone
Which of these is NOT a central theme of The Odyssey?
- The power of cunning over strength
- The importance of loyalty
- The dangers of pride and arrogance
What is the role of the gods in The Odyssey?
- They influence events and help or harm Odysseus on his journey
- They are indifferent to human affairs
- They are only mentioned briefly
What is the significance of hospitality in The Odyssey?
- It was highly valued by ancient Greeks as a moral duty towards strangers
- It was not important at all for ancient Greeks
- It represented a sign of weakness
Why does Odysseus blind Polyphemus instead of killing him?
- To ensure that he could not be traced back to as the killer
- To teach him a lesson without taking his life
- Because he felt pity for him
Which goddess helped Odysseus throughout his journey, providing him with guidance and protection?