King Menes: The First Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt
King Menes is credited with uniting Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt in approximately 3100 BC. He is thought to have ruled for approximately 62 years and was responsible for moving the capital from Thinis to Memphis. Menes is also believed to have introduced a currency system and established a bureaucracy.
Guessing Time: What is the nickname of King Menes?
Unification of Egypt: King Menes was the first Pharaoh of the First Dynasty of Egypt, and is credited with unifying the country’s upper and lower regions.
Memphis: King Menes founded the city of Memphis, which served as the capital of Egypt for most of its ancient history.
Three Kingdoms Period: King Menes is credited with beginning the Three Kingdoms period in Egypt, which was a period of political unification and cultural renaissance.
Did you know?
King Menes is believed to be the first Pharaoh of Egypt and the founder of the first dynasty. King Menes is credited with establishing the religious cult of Osiris, the god of fertility and resurrection. King Menes is thought to have originated from the city of Thinis, located near Abydos in Upper Egypt.
What were the accomplishments of King Menes during his reign?
Critical Thinking: What might some of the challenges be for King Menes ? (Hint: Unification)
What can we learn from King Menes' reign about the importance of effective governance?
How did King Menes' reign shape the development of the ancient Egyptian civilization? (Hint: Think Factors of Civilization)
In pairs: Complete the task
Question: How did King Menes become the first ruler of Egypt?
King Menes was the first ruler of Egypt during the Early Dynastic Period. He is said to have unified Upper and Lower Egypt. He is believed to have founded the first Egyptian capital, Memphis.
A: Work in pairs and explain how King Menes became the first ruler of Egypt through a drawing.
Who is King Menes?
- The first pharaoh of ancient Egypt
- A Roman emperor
- A famous Greek philosopher
In which period did King Menes rule? (Hint: Pay Attention to Dates)
- Early Dynastic Period
- New Kingdom
- Middle Kingdom
What significant event is associated with King Menes?
- Unifying Upper and Lower Egypt
- Establishing a democratic system
- Building the Great Pyramid of Giza
Work together in pairs: Explain the significance of King Menes in ancient Egyptian history.