In one word, how would you describe the current state of Myanmar's conflict?
Development of conflict
International level of analysis
National level of analysis.
Key concepts: Human rights, Violence, Liberty, Equality.
Universal declaration of human rights"
The Rohingya people have faced decades of persecution in Myanmar, leading to a mass exodus of refugees in 2017. Myanmar’s military has been accused of committing war crimes against the Rohingya, as well as other ethnic minority groups. The conflict has been further complicated by political divisions between the military, government, and civil society groups.
Myanmar Conflict: A History of Ethnic and Political Struggles
Myanmar Conflict: A conflict that has been ongoing in Myanmar since independence in 1948. It is a complex conflict that involves numerous ethnic groups, as well as the governments of both Myanmar and neighboring countries. Ethnic Cleansing: A form of genocide in which a dominant group seeks to eliminate or oppress a minority group. This has been an ongoing problem in Myanmar, with numerous reports of massacres, rapes, and other human rights violations committed against minority ethnic groups. Humanitarian Crisis: A crisis caused by war or conflict which causes a large-scale disruption of basic services and infrastructure, leaving many people in need of food, health care, and other basic necessities. This has been a major issue in Myanmar, with millions of people displaced and in need of aid.
More than 500,000 people have been displaced by the armed conflict in Myanmar since 2011. Since March 2021, approximately 3,000 Myanmar refugees have been relocated to the United States. The Myanmar conflict is one of the longest-running civil wars in the world, having been ongoing since 1948.
Did you know?
Work together in pairs: What are the three main human rights violations that have been reported in the Myanmar conflict and how do they relate to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
Work together in pairs: What are the political and economic implications of the ongoing conflict in Myanmar?
What is the name of the minority group that has been facing persecution in Myanmar?
When did the conflict in Myanmar escalate?
Universalist theory states that all human beings share a universal, collective moral core. This theory suggests that the moral core is inherent and the same across all cultures and societies. Universalist theorists believe that this core can be used to make ethical decisions and promote moral behavior.
Cultural relativism is the idea that a culture’s beliefs and customs should be understood and accepted in the context of that culture. It is important to recognize that two cultures can have different beliefs, values, and practices, yet both can still be valid. Cultural relativism encourages us to appreciate and respect the diversity of cultures in our world.
Cultural Relativism: Respect for Other Cultures
Question: What is the best way to balance the Universalist Theory and Cultural Relativism when talking about Myanmar? Clues: • Universalist Theory is about everyone having the same rights and freedoms. • Cultural Relativism is about respecting another culture's values and perspectives. • Myanmar is a nation with a complex history and culture. In pairs: Select and solve one of the tasks: A. Draw a diagram to explain how to balance Universalist Theory and Cultural Relativism. B. Create a role-play scenario to demonstrate how Universalist Theory and Cultural Relativism could be balanced in the Myanmar context.