In a few words, describe the effects of World War 2 on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe experienced a period of dramatic changes following WWII, including political, social, and economic reforms. The Soviet Union set up Communist regimes in Eastern Europe to bolster its power and create a buffer zone against the West. The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe gradually embraced democracy and free-market economies in the years after the Cold War.
Postwar Soviet Union & Eastern Europe
Iron Curtain: The term used to describe the political and ideological barrier that divided Europe from 1945 to 1989 and separated the Soviet Union and its satellite states from the rest of Europe. Cold War: A period of political tension and military rivalry between the Soviet Union and the United States and their respective allies from the mid-1940s to the early 1990s. Warsaw Pact: A mutual defense treaty signed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and seven of its satellite states in Eastern Europe.
The Soviet Union was the first country to launch a satellite into space, known as Sputnik 1, in 1957. In East Germany, the East German mark, or Ostmark, was used as currency until the German reunification in 1990. Poland had a parliamentary democracy established in 1921, which was the first of its kind in the Eastern Bloc region.
Did you know?
Work together in pairs: What were the main social, economic, and political changes that occurred in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe between 1945 and 1991?
Work together in pairs: What were the main political and economic policies implemented by the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe during the Cold War?
Brain break: Draw an octopus doing yoga poses
Which Soviet leader initiated a series of political and economic reforms in the 1980s?
- Mikhail Gorbachev
- Leonid Brezhnev
- Joseph Stalin
What was the name of the doctrine that declared that the Soviet Union had the right to intervene in any socialist country whenever it saw fit?
- Brezhnev Doctrine
- Gorbachev Doctrine
- Stalin Doctrine
In what year did the Berlin Wall fall, leading to reunification of Germany?
What was Solidarity?
- A Polish trade union and social movement
- A Soviet propaganda news agency
- A Hungarian political party
What event led to widespread protests across Eastern Europe in 1956 against Soviet influence?
- Hungarian Revolution
- Prague Spring
- Polish October