Relative clauses add extra information to a sentence by using a relative pronoun (such as who, which, that). Adjective clauses describe a noun and begin with a relative pronoun (such as who, which, that). Adverb clauses modify a verb and begin with a subordinating conjunction (such as, because, when, if).
Relative, Adjective and Adverb Clauses
Relative Clause: A clause that modifies a noun or pronoun and is marked by a relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, which, or that). Adjective Clause: A dependent clause that acts as an adjective in the sentence, usually introduced by a relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, which, or that). Adverb Clause: A dependent clause that acts as an adverb in the sentence, usually introduced by a subordinating conjunction (because, although, since, if, etc.).
Which type of clause do you think is most useful for 8th graders to learn?
- Relative Clauses
- Adjective Clauses
- Adverb Clauses
Relative clauses can be used to replace nouns in sentences, and are usually introduced by a relative pronoun or adverb. Adjective clauses usually start with a relative pronoun like 'which', 'who', 'whom', or 'whose' and are used to modify nouns and pronouns. Adverb clauses are typically used to modify verbs, though they can also modify adjectives, other adverbs, and entire sentences.
Did you know?
What is the difference between an adjective clause and an adverb clause?
In what ways can an adjective clause help to make a sentence more descriptive?
What strategies can you use to identify adverb clauses in a sentence?