Science is the exploration of the natural world around us. Scientists use observation and experimentation to understand how things work. Science helps us make discoveries that can improve our lives.
The Practice of Science
The scientific method is a process used to investigate a phenomenon, acquire new knowledge, and solve problems. It involves formulating a hypothesis, testing it through experiments, and analyzing the results. Observation is the process of gathering information about an event, phenomenon, or object. It involves using the senses to observe, taking measurements, and recording data. Inference is the process of drawing conclusions from observations. It involves making assumptions based on evidence and making logical predictions.
When scientists study things, they often use the scientific method, which helps them to experiment, observe, and analyze their findings. Scientists use a number of tools to help them in their research, such as microscopes, telescopes, computers, and more. Scientists also use mathematical equations to help them understand their data and make predictions about the future.
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Work together in pairs: Question: What are some of the important steps in the practice of science, such as making observations, asking questions, developing explanations, and communicating your findings?
Why is it important for scientists to follow a step-by-step process when conducting experiments or investigations?
Work together in pairs: What are some ways that scientists use to make sure their experiments are accurate and reliable?
Brain break: Draw a banana wearing a superhero cape and fighting off evil flying marshmallows
What is the process of asking questions and finding answers through experimentation called?
- Scientific method
- Guessing game
- Magic trick
What do scientists use to make observations and gather data?
- Tools and instruments
- Wishful thinking
What is a hypothesis?
- An educated guess or prediction
- A funny story
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How many steps are in the scientific method?