The United States and Foreign Affairs
how trade and global interdependence are related that nations are in different stages of economic development that international organizations promote solutions to common global problems about conflicts related to human rights and the spread of democracy and liberty
Students will know
Why do nations interact with one another?
Get with a partner and write your answers on the Graffiti wall: What are some examples of foreign aid?
Foreign aid refers to the international movement of money, services, or goods from governments or international institutions for the benefit of the receiving country or its citizens. It is a tool that the United States uses to further Democracy and develop better relations with other nations.
The US has diplomatic relations with many countries around the world. The US is a major player in international organizations such as the United Nations. The US provides aid and assistance to countries in need of help.
The United States and Foreign Affairs
Global interdependence For example, if Americans want bananas, or other tropical fruit, they must trade with other nations to get them. Developed nations usually buy raw materials and local products, such as bananas, from developing nations. Developing nations buy things like technology and medicine from developed countries.
According to the image, is the United States considered to be developed or developing?
Why is it important to trade with other countries?
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was written to end trade barriers among the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
Global Economic Cooperation
Diplomats, or officials who represent their country’s government, meet and try to work out ways to address common concerns.
Brain break: Draw a bird resting on a beach ball
Governmental organizations Some governmental organizations are formed for a single purpose. The The goal of the
Work together in pairs: What is the purpose of the United Nations?
There are also international organizations that are not linked to any government. They are formed by private citizens to meet a need or to work for a cause. NGOs often work with governmental organizations to provide relief in the event of a natural disaster, such as the earthquake in Haiti. These organizations usually depend on volunteers and private donations.
Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs)
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a group of 28 nations in North America and Europe. Its main goals are to keep peace and defend all members in times of war. Sometimes, NATO members send armed forces to an area where there is a crisis. For instance, NATO sent forces to Afghanistan in 2001 and to Iraq in 2003. NATO also works with nonmember nations to help prevent conflict.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is part of the United Nations. It works in a variety of ways to improve health for all people. It directs the UN’s efforts to fight and prevent disease in nations around the world.
The Peace Corps is a volunteer group run by the U.S. government. The Peace Corps began in the 1960s when President John F. Kennedy challenged students to make a difference for peace in the world. The original goal of the Peace Corps was to help Americans and the people of other nations understand each other. These volunteers work on several kinds of projects like public health issues, such as providing people with clean water.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is based in Switzerland. It unites the efforts of aid societies in countries around the world. The ICRC gives aid to people who are victims of war or natural disasters. During a war, the group tries to protect civilians and to make sure that prisoners of war are well treated.
International Committee of the Red Cross
Many nations, such as China, Iran, and Saudi Arabia, limit their people’s ability to get information. North Korea does not allow its people to leave the country or to criticize its leader. Sometimes, tension among ethnic groups turns into violence. That violence can turn into
Violations of Human Rights
What do you consider to be a basic right every person should have around the world?
In the United States, are citizens allowed to criticize the government and its leaders? How?
A response to the September 11 attacks was the The act allowed federal agents to secretly search the homes of those suspected of terrorism.
Which amendment prevents unreasonable searches and seizures?
Diplomacy: The practice of conducting negotiations between nations in order to maintain good relations. International Law: A set of rules and principles that nations follow when interacting with one another. Non-Intervention: The principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries.
The United States has a total of 873 diplomatic and consular offices in 188 countries and jurisdictions around the world. The United States is part of more than 200 international organizations, such as the United Nations, World Trade Organization, International Monetary Fund, and World Bank. The United States is the largest provider of foreign aid in the world, providing more than $50 billion annually to countries around the world.
Did you know?
Which U.S. President issued the Monroe Doctrine?
- James Monroe
- Thomas Jefferson
- Abraham Lincoln
- George Washington
What is the name of the U.S. foreign policy doctrine that pledged support to countries threatened by communism?
- Truman Doctrine
- Nixon Doctrine
- Eisenhower Doctrine
- Kennedy Doctrine
Which major treaty ended World War I and was signed in Paris on June 28, 1919?
- Treaty of Versailles
- Treaty of Paris
- Munich Agreement
- Kellogg-Briand Pact
What was the name of the foreign policy strategy used by Richard Nixon to improve relations with China in the early 1970s?
- Ping Pong Diplomacy
Which U.S. President ordered a military invasion of Panama in 1989 to overthrow dictator Manuel Noriega?
- George H.W. Bush
- Bill Clinton
- Ronald Reagan
- Jimmy Carter
Work together in pairs: What is the purpose of the United States Department of State and how does it help shape foreign policy?