In what year did WW1 begin?
"Beginning to end of the war"
WW1 was a global war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. The war united the world’s great powers - Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Japan, and the United States - and their allies against Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. WW1 saw the introduction of new weapons such as tanks, machine guns, and poison gas, and the use of aircraft for the first time in warfare.
World War I
Triple Entente was an alliance between France, Russia, and Great Britain in WWI. The alliance was formed to oppose the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. When war broke out in 1914, the Triple Entente fought against the Triple Alliance.
Triple Entente: The Alliance of WWI
Trench Warfare: a type of combat in WW1 in which opposing troops fight from trenches dug into the ground. Total War: a type of warfare in which the entire resources of a nation, including its civilian population, are mobilized to fight. Propaganda: information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
The first tanks used in World War I were British Mark I tanks, and they made their debut on September 15, 1916, at the Battle of the Somme. The first combat use of aircraft in World War I was by the German army, who used them to observe and direct artillery fire. During World War I, the first use of chemical weapons took place on April 22, 1915, when the German army released chlorine gas at Ypres in Belgium.
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Work together in pairs: What were the main causes of WW1 and what were the results of the war?
Brain break: Draw a happy sun with sunglasses enjoying a day at the beach
In what year did World War I begin?
What was the immediate cause of World War I?
- Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
- German invasion of Belgium
- Russian mobilization on the German border
- The sinking of the Lusitania
The Battle of Verdun was a WWI battle that lasted from February to December 1916. The battle was fought between the German and French armies and is considered to be one of the longest and deadliest battles of WWI. It resulted in a huge loss of life on both sides and an eventual French victory.
The Battle of Verdun
Paul von Hindenburg was a Prussian-German field marshal and statesman. He was the supreme commander of all Central Powers. He served as the second President of Germany from 1925 until his death in 1934. He led the German forces during WWI and was widely known for his dictatorship during the last two years of war.
General Paul von Hindenburg
The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, was a political revolution that occurred in Russia in October 1917. It was the second revolution in Russia following the February Revolution earlier that same year. The October Revolution overthrew the government of the Russian Provisional Government and led to the establishment of the Soviet Union. Vladimir Lenin let the war and quickly signed an armistice (cease-fire) with Germany.
October 1917 Bolshevik Revolution
During WWI, submarines (called U-boats) were used to sink enemy ships. The Lusitania was a British passenger ship sunk by a German U-boat. The sinking of the Lusitania caused outrage, helping bring the US into WWI.
Submarine Warfare and the Sinking of the Lusitania
Which countries made up the Triple Entente (Allied Powers)?
- Russia, France, and United Kingdom
- Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
- United States, Russia, and Japan
- Italy, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria
What was the name given to Germany's plan to quickly defeat France before turning their attention to Russia?
- Schlieffen Plan
- Brest-Litovsk Treaty
- Treaty of Versailles
- Fourteen Points Plan
On what date did World War I officially end?
- November 11th, 1918
- December 31st. 1919
- June 28th. 1919
Woodrow Wilson was the president of the United States from 1913-1921. He proposed the League of Nations after World War I, an international organization dedicated to keeping peace. The League of Nations was never adopted by the U.S., but it served as a model for the United Nations. The U.S. was afraid that the treaty would draw them into a Europeanwas that was none of her concern.
Woodrow Wilson and the League of Nations