World War I: Causes and Outcomes
WWI began in 1914 when the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary sparked a conflict. The war was fought between the Triple Entente (Britain, France, Russia, and the U.S.) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, Italy). WWI resulted in the collapse of the Central Powers and the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. This treaty limited Germany's military power and imposed reparations.
Did you know?
Prior to WWI, Germany was the world's leading producer of chemical products such as dyes and fertilizers. The first tanks used in WWI were British Mark I tanks, which were introduced in September 1916. The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28th, 1919, in the Palace of Versailles near Paris, France.
What were the main causes of WWI?
WWI started when the Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir apparent to the Austro Hungarian Throne was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip a Serbian national Then because of secret military alliances with other countries the entirety of Europe became involved in a war that we now call WWI although at the time it was called the Great War
Thanks to several secret treaties this one act drug all of Europe into war Instead of Austria Hungary: 325,000 Vs Serbia: 360,000 We had The Triple Entente: 8,634,000 Vs. The Triple Alliance: 11,860,000
The Triple Entente Won! Russia left the Triple Entente before the end of the war France and Great Britain Split up the Ottoman Empire Created and forced Germany to sign the Treaty of Versailles which placed most of the blame and financial burden of rebuilding on Germany
Because of the war and the Treaty of Versailles Germany goes bankrupt Germans start longing for the way Germany used to be. Antisemitism grows and Germans start blaming Jews for the hard times The stage is set for the Nazis to rise to power
In 1916 France and Great Britain met in secret to divide ownership of land in the MIddle East.
The Sykes- Picot Agreement
Who had control of the Blue Zone?