What is the name of the first governing document of the United States?
The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution of the United States. It was ratified in 1781 and replaced with the Constitution in 1788. It declared each state as a sovereign power.
Articles of Confederation
Sovereignty: The power of a state to govern itself. Constitution: The system of fundamental laws and principles that govern a nation, state, or other organization. Ratification: The formal approval of an agreement or treaty by a government.
What do you think is the most important contribution of the Articles of Confederation?
- It established the United States as a sovereign nation
- It provided a framework for a unified government
- The idea of state's rights and powers
- The idea of limiting government
The Articles of Confederation were written during the Revolutionary War. It took two and a half years for all 13 states to ratify the Articles. The Articles of Confederation gave Congress the power to declare war and sign treaties with foreign nations.
Draw / write: What were the main weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
Draw / write: How did the Articles of Confederation impact the American Revolution?
What would have happened if the Articles of Confederation were never written?