Landforms are the natural features of a landscape, such as hills, valleys, and mountains. They are created by erosion, deposition, and other geologic processes. Landforms can be found all over the world, from the highest mountain peaks to the deepest ocean trenches.
Landforms: Earth's Natural Wonders
Mountain: A large natural elevation of the earth's surface rising abruptly from the surrounding level; a large steep hill. Canyon: A deep ravine between cliffs often carved from the landscape by a river. Plateau: An area of flat land that is higher than the land around it.
The world's largest landform is the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, which stretches for over 2,000km along the eastern coast. The world's longest mountain range is the Andes, located in South America. It is over 7,000 km long. Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador is the furthest point from the center of the Earth. Even though it is not the tallest mountain, due to the shape of the Earth, it is the farthest point from the center.
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Work together in pairs: What is an example of a landform?
Work together in pairs: Q: What are the three main types of landforms?
Brain break: Draw a flying dragon made out of fruit!
What do you call a large area of flat land that is higher than the surrounding land?
Which landform is formed by the action of rivers on softer rock over millions of years?
What do we call a narrow strip of land that connects two larger pieces of land?
Which one among these is not an example of a mountain range?
- Sahara Desert
- Rocky Mountains
- Andes Mountains
What do you call an area where there are a lot of hills?
- Hilly region