The Sumerians were one of the earliest civilizations in the world, living in Mesopotamia around 4000 BCE. They advanced many technologies, such as the wheel, bronze tools, and pottery. They also developed one of the earliest written languages, called cuneiform, which was written on clay tablets.
The Sumerians: An Ancient Civilization
In what region did the Sumerians live? (answer with only a few words)
The Sumerians were a civilization that lived in Mesopotamia from about 4500 BC to 1750 BC. They were the first people to create a system of writing, known as cuneiform, and were the first to develop an advanced system of government. The Sumerians made many important contributions to culture, including the invention of the wheel, the use of bronze tools, irrigation systems, and the development of mathematics. The Sumerians believed in many gods and goddesses, each of whom was responsible for a certain aspect of life. They also built many impressive temples, which were dedicated to their gods.
The Sumerians are credited with inventing the world's first written language, known as cuneiform script. The Sumerians are believed to be the first people to understand and use the concept of a 12-month calendar. The Sumerians were the first to use a sexagesimal, or base-60, numerical system, which is still used in the modern world for measuring time and angles.
Did you know?
What were the major accomplishments of the Sumerians?
What do you think the Sumerians would think of the world today?
How can learning about the Sumerians help us as we look to the future?
Which invention are Sumerians credited with creating?
- The airplane
- The wheel
- The clock
Which form of writing did the Sumerians develop?
- Cuneiform script
- Alphabetical script
Work together in pairs: What are some of the most important inventions that the Sumerians are credited with creating?