In active voice, who is the subject of the sentence?
Active voice is when the subject performs the action in a sentence. Passive voice is when the subject receives the action in a sentence. Understanding the difference helps you use correct grammar!
Active and Passive Voice
Active Voice: A sentence written in the active voice means that the subject of the sentence is the one doing the action of the verb. For example: 'The student wrote the essay.' Passive Voice: A sentence written in the passive voice means that the subject of the sentence is not the one doing the action of the verb. For example: 'The essay was written by the student.' Subject-Verb Agreement: In active voice sentences, the subject and verb must agree. In other words, both must be singular or both must be plural. In passive voice sentences, the verb is usually in the past participle form and agrees with the object of the sentence, not the subject. For example: 'The student have written the essay.' (incorrect) 'The student has written the essay.' (correct)
The use of passive voice can make your writing sound more formal and sophisticated. The verb 'be' is often used in passive voice sentences, but it can also be used in active voice sentences. Some languages, such as Latin, have only one form of verb tense, which is the passive voice.
Did you know?
Work together in pairs: What is the difference between active and passive voice and how can you tell which is being used in a sentence?
Work together in pairs: What is an example of a sentence written in the passive voice?
Brain break: Draw a mixing bowl with legs and a cheerful face, hopping through a grassy meadow
In active voice, who performs the action?
What is the subject of a passive voice sentence?
- Receiver of the action
- Doer of the action
'The cake was baked by Mary' is an example of which voice?
Which sentence below is in active voice?
- She was hit by the ball.
- The ball hit her.
- She got hit by the ball.
What is the difference between active and passive voice?
What should be done to convert a sentence from passive to active voice?
- Change Object to Subject and add an appropriate verb
- Change Object to Subject and keep the same verb
- Change Subject to Object and add an appropriate verb