What comes to mind when you think of fact and opinion?
Name one fact and one opinion.
Facts are statements about something that can be proved true or false. Opinions are statements about something that can not be proved true or false. When reading, it is important to be able to recognize the difference between facts and opinions.
Understanding Facts and Opinions
Fact: a statement that can be proven to be true through research or observation. Opinion: a personal belief or judgement that cannot be proven to be true or false. Critical Thinking: the ability to use facts and opinions to think objectively and make informed decisions.
The distinction between fact and opinion is not always clear-cut. For instance, a scientific theory can be based on facts but also involves opinions. In some cases, a fact can also contain an element of opinion. For example, a statement like ‘the sky is blue’ contains a fact but also reflects the speaker’s opinion. Facts are often used as evidence to support an opinion, but not all facts are neutral. They can also be used to persuade people of a certain point of view.
Did you know?
What is the difference between a fact and an opinion?
What criteria can you use to determine what is a fact and what is an opinion?
Can you think of an example of a fact and an opinion?
How can facts and opinions help you better understand a topic?
Brain break: Draw a sneaky banana attempting to steal an apple from a tree.
Question: What is the difference between a fact and an opinion? Clues: • A fact is something that can be proven or verified. • An opinion is a belief or judgement about something. • Both facts and opinions can be used to support an argument. In pairs: Select and solve one of the tasks: A. In pairs, create a drawing that illustrates the difference between a fact and an opinion. B. Choose a topic and create an argument that uses facts and opinions to support it.
Which of the following is a fact?
- Yellow is a boring color
- The Earth orbits around the Sun
- Pizza is the best food ever
Which of the following is an opinion?
- The capital city of France is Paris
- Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world
- Van Gogh's Starry Night is a masterpiece
What are facts based on?
- Personal beliefs
What are opinions based on?
- Historical records and data
- Personal beliefs and feelings
- Scientific research and observation
Which statement below includes an opinion?
- Chocolate ice cream tastes better than vanilla.
- The Great Wall of China stretches across thousands of miles.
- Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
Work together in pairs: What is one example of a fact and one example of an opinion?