Head: The larger round part of the nail. Shank: The part between the head and tip. Tip: The pointed end of the nail.
Parts of a Nail
Cuticle: The thin layer of skin that is found around the base of the fingernail or toenail. Eponychium: The skin that overlaps the nail plate and extends from the base of the nail to the cuticle. Lunula: The half-moon shape at the base of the nail.
The average person has 20 nails on each hand, and 10 on each foot. The scientific name for your fingernails and toenails is 'onychia.' Nail beds are packed with nerve endings, which is why it hurts when you hit your nail with a hammer.
Did you know?
What are the different shapes of nails?
What different parts make up a nail?
What are the pros and cons of a particular nail shape?
What are the different uses for a particular nail shape?
Brain break: Draw a frog having a picnic with his friends: a bird, a squirrel, and a snail.
Question: You are a nail technician and a customer needs to know which part of the nail they should paint. How do you explain it to them? Clues: • Look at the nail and identify the 3 main parts: nail bed, nail plate and eponychium. • The nail plate is the part you should paint, not the nail bed or eponychium. • The nail plate is the hard part of the nail and it grows out from the nail bed. In pairs: Select and solve one of the tasks: A. Explain the difference between the 3 parts of the nail to your partner. B. Draw a picture of the 3 parts of the nail and label them for your partner.
What is the hard, protective layer covering the nail called?
Which part of the nail is responsible for producing new cells?
'Hyponychium' refers to which part of the nail?
- Skin beneath the free edge
- Fold of skin at the base of the nail
- The visible part of the nail
What is another name for 'nail bed'?
- Onychodermal Band
Which structure produces sebum to lubricate and protect the matrix area?
- Proximal Fold
Work together in pairs: What is the nail plate and how does it protect the nail bed?