Name one of the five text structures that we have learned about.
"RI.5.5 Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts." By the end of today's lesson, I will be able to
Text structures are patterns of organization that authors use in their writing. Examples of text structures are description, sequence, compare/contrast, and problem/solution. Understanding text structures can help you better understand what you read.
Comparison: Comparing two or more things by pointing out similarities and differences. Cause and Effect: Explaining how one thing causes another thing to happen. Sequence: Explaining how things occur in a particular order or how events happened in chronological order.
Text structures are used to help readers better understand written texts. They are also used by authors to organize their ideas in a logical way. Most books have multiple text structures, often in a combination of patterns. Some text structures, also help us later identify the main idea.
Did you know?
Which text structure uses the key words: Like/unlike, similar/different, both, on the other hand?
Brain break: Draw a dinosaur playing the guitar with tiny musician mice as his backing band.
What is the purpose of a compare and contrast text structure?
- To show similarities and differences
- To tell a story
- To give directions
- To persuade someone
What is the purpose of a cause and effect text structure?
- To explain reasons why something happened or what will happen because of it.
- To describe how to do something.
- To entertain with jokes and stories.
What is the purpose of a problem-solution text structure?
- To identify an issue, then offer one or more potential solutions.
- To list ingredients or items in order.
- To show time sequence.
What is the purpose of a sequential/chronological text structure?
- To list events in order from first to last.
- To explain how things are alike or different.
- To persuade someone.
What signal words can be used to identify definition/explanation text structures?
- Is defined as…
- In other words…