Mansa Musa and the Kingdom of Mali
c. 1230: The Kingdom of Mali is founded by the Malinke people in the Upper Niger River Valley. c. 1235-1255: Sundiata Keita, the first king of Mali, conquers neighboring states and expands the kingdom's territory.
Empire of Mali Timeline 1/3
Where did the Empire of Mali start?
- Niger River Valley
- Nile River Valley
- Congo Basin
- South Africa
c. 1312-1337: Mansa Musa becomes the tenth king of Mali, known for his wealth and lavish spending. Famous for his pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324, during which he gave away so much gold that he caused inflation in Cairo. c. 1330-1360: Mali reaches its peak under the reign of Mansa Musa's successor, Mansa Suleyman. The empire controls territory from the Atlantic coast in the west to the trading centers of Timbuktu and Gao in the east.
Empire of Mali Timeline 2/3
In which city did Mansa Musa's lavished gifts cause inflation?
c. 1400: Mali begins to decline due to a combination of internal conflicts, attacks from neighboring states, and the decline of trans-Saharan trade routes. c. 1464: The Songhai Empire conquers Mali, ending its existence as an independent state, but its culture and traditions continue to influence the region.
Empire of Mali Timeline 3/3
Who conquered Mali?
- The Dutch
In what region of Africa was the Empire of Mali located?
Between 1324 and 1325, Musa began the long journey from Mali to Mecca to visit the holy site. Organizing the most impressive caravan in human history to accompany him: 60,000 men and 80 camels. During his pilgrimage he recruited Muslim teachers and leaders during his journey, so that they might accompany him home and spread the teachings of the Quran further in his own kingdom. Mansa Musa tripled in size and had significant influence in several modern day countries including Mauritania, Senegal, Nigeria, Burkino Faso and Chad.
Exploring the Empire of Mali and Mansa Musa
Which of the following is NOT a country conquered by Mansa Musa?
Who did Mansa Musa recruit on his pilgrimage?
- Muslim teachers and scholars
- Soldiers and mercenaries
Mansa Abubakari Keita II left Mansa Musa to act as regent of the kingdom while he embarked on an expedition to explore the limits of the Atlantic Ocean. Yet Abubakari never returned from this expedition and, according to the laws of the land, Musa succeeded him as ruler of the Mali Empire.
Mansa Musa was net meant to rule...
Where was Mansa Abubakari Keita II exploring when he disappeared?
- East Africa
- The Indian Ocean
- The Atlantic Ocean
- The Pacific Ocean
Empire of Mali: An ancient African empire located in the western Sudan region of Africa that flourished from the 13th to the 16th century Mansa Musa: The most famous king of the Mali Empire who reigned from 1312 to 1337 and was known for his immense wealth and generosity Trans-Saharan Trade: A period of trade between North African countries and sub-Saharan African countries that occurred from the 8th to 16th centuries
What do you think was the most significant contribution of Mansa Musa and the Empire of Mali?
- Promoting Islam and the spread of religious knowledge
- Advancing African culture and art
- Establishing trade routes and opening up markets to new goods
- Improving infrastructure and public works
Mansa Musa was so wealthy that he gave away gold to the people he encountered during his pilgrimage to Mecca. Mansa Musa founded a University in Timbuktu which was the first university in Africa. Mali may have been the largest producer of gold in the world at that time, and controlled over salt and gold trade, which made the Empire of Mali very wealthy. Built Djinguereber Mosque, a famous learning center, which attracted scholars, and was home to over a million manuscripts.
Did you know?
Where was the 1st University in Africa
- Addis Abba
The Djinguereber Mosque contained how many manuscripts
- Over 1,000
- Over 10, 000
- Over 100,000
- Over 1,000,000
What was the impact of Mansa Musa's pilgrimage on the Islamic world, and why did it gain him so much notoriety?
What are some of the legacies of the Empire of Mali that we can still see today?
What do you think would have been different about the Empire of Mali if Mansa Musa had not been its ruler?
What can we learn from the Empire of Mali and Mansa Musa's reign?