Passive voice is a grammatical construction in which the subject of a sentence is not performing the action of the verb. In passive voice, the action is done to the subject rather than by the subject. In English, passive voice is created with a form of 'to be' plus the past participle of the verb.
What is Passive Voice?
The passive voice can be used to emphasize the person or thing affected by the action, rather than the person or thing performing the action. The passive voice can also be used to avoid identifying the performer of the action, or to indicate that it is unknowable or unimportant. The verb 'to be' is often used as an auxiliary verb to form the passive voice in English, although it is not the only auxiliary verb that can be used.
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Which sentence is an example of passive voice?
- Sarah is baking a cake.
- Sarah baked the cake.
- The cake was baked by Sarah.
What is the main characteristic of a sentence in passive voice?
- There is no subject
- The subject receives the action
- The subject performs the action
In passive voice, what usually comes after the verb?
- An adverb
- The past participle of a main verb
- A direct object
Which one below correctly changes this active sentence into passive voice? 'John builds houses.'
- Houses are built by John.
- John is building houses.
- Houses were built by John.
Work together in pairs: What is the difference between an active and passive sentence?
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Can you provide an example of a sentence written in the passive voice and explain why the passive voice is used in that particular instance?
Brain break: Draw a cookie in a superhero costume flying with a cape
In passive voice, the object of the active sentence becomes what in the passive sentence?
What is a common reason for using passive voice in writing?
- To emphasize an action or event
- To express personal opinions
- To make writing more concise
'The book was read by him' is an example of which tense in passive voice?
- Present Continuous
- Past Simple
- Future Perfect
In what type of sentence is the subject not the doer of the action?