An inference is a conclusion that you draw based on clues and evidence. Making inferences helps you better understand a text or situation. When you make inferences, you use your knowledge and experience to decide what a text or situation means.
Did you know?
Inference is the ability to draw conclusions from observations and facts. It's sometimes called 'reading between the lines.' The process of inference relies on prior knowledge and experience. It involves making connections between new information and what is already known. Inferences can help people make decisions or form opinions based on available evidence.
Work together in pairs: What is the difference between making an inference and drawing a conclusion?
What clues in the story can you use to infer the main character's feelings towards their best friend?
Work together in pairs: What is an example of an inference you can make from a situation?
Brain break: Draw an octopus wearing a snorkel and flippers, beach-hopping with an inflatable beach ball in each of its eight tentacles.
From the given information, what can you infer? The sky is dark, and thunder can be heard in the distance.
- It is daytime
- It might rain soon
- The weather is clear
What can you infer from seeing someone wearing a winter coat, gloves, and a scarf?
- It is summer
- It is cold outside
- They are going to a party
From the picture of an empty plate and crumbs on the table, what can you infer?
- The plate fell from the table
- No one has eaten here
- Someone just finished eating
You see wet footprints leading into the house. What can you infer?
- A dog entered through a pet door
- There was a leak in the roof
- Someone walked in with wet shoes
You notice an open book on a desk with bookmarks placed throughout. What can you infer?
- The person reading has multiple books
- The book belongs to someone else
- The reader likes to mark important pages