An inference is when we use clues to make a guess about something. When you infer, you use the information you already know to figure out something new. Inferring helps us make sense of the world around us!
Inference: A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning. Observation: A fact or occurrence perceived or detected by a person. Evidence: Information that helps to determine whether a statement or conclusion is true or valid.
Inference is often used to draw conclusions from given information without direct evidence. Inference can be used to explain why certain events or phenomena occur. Inference can be used to make predictions about future events or situations.
Did you know?
What evidence did you use when making inferences from the text?
How did understanding the details and examples in the text help you make inferences?
What inferences were you able to make from the text?
What was the most difficult inference you had to make from the text?
Brain break: Draw a cartoon hamburger with legs and arms dancing to music.
Question: A classmate is talking to your teacher, but you can't hear what they are saying. What can you infer from the situation? Clues: • Think about the facial expressions of your classmate and teacher. • Consider the tone of voice of your classmate and teacher. • Think about the body language of your classmate and teacher. In pairs: Select and solve one of the tasks: A. Draw a picture that shows what might be happening in the conversation. B. Write a few sentences that explain why you think the conversation is happening.
What is an inference?
- A guess without any evidence
- An assumption based on no facts
- An opinion without any reason
- A conclusion drawn from evidence and reasoning
How can you make an inference?
- By making wild assumptions.
- By asking someone else for help.
- By using clues and evidence from the text or situation.
What is the difference between an observation and an inference?
- Observation means guessing while inference means finding out something exactly.
- An observation is something that you see or notice while an inference is a conclusion you draw based on what you have observed.
Why are inferences important?
- They teach us to believe everything we read.
- They don't have any importance at all.
- Because they help us understand things that are not directly stated.
Can inferences be wrong sometimes?
- No, inferences are always right.
- Sometimes but only when there's not enough information available.
- Yes, if there isn't enough evidence to support them, or if they're based on incorrect information.
Work together in pairs: What is an inference and how can you use it to make predictions about a story?