An inference is when you use clues from what you already know to figure out something new. Inferring is like using clues in a mystery. You can use clues from a text, picture, or conversation to figure out what is happening. Inferring helps you to understand something better as you use your own ideas to make connections and draw conclusions.
What is an Inference?
Inference: a conclusion drawn from evidence and reasoning Evidence: something which leads one to form a conclusion or make a judgment Reasoning: the process of forming conclusions, judgments, or inferences from facts or premises
The process of making an inference requires you to use both your prior knowledge and the evidence presented. Inference is an important part of understanding literature and other forms of writing. When making an inference, you don't need to be 100% sure - it's okay to be wrong!
Did you know?
How can readers use the context of a text to draw inferences?
What strategies can readers use to make sure they quote accurately from a text?
What inferences did you make when reading the text?
How did you use context to help you accurately quote from the text?
Brain break: Draw a monkey slinging on a banana swing
Question: You find an old family photo in your grandparents' attic. What can you infer about your family from the photo? Clues: • Look at the people in the photo and their clothing. • Look at the background and the objects in the photo. • Think about the time period the photo was taken in. In pairs: Select and solve one of the tasks: A. Work with a partner to draw a picture of what you think your family was like when the photo was taken. B. Work with a partner to draw a picture of what you think your family is like now.
What can you infer when you see dark clouds in the sky?
- There will be a thunderstorm
- It will be sunny
- It's nighttime
- It might rain
What can you infer if you see footprints in the sand?
- Someone walked there
- The wind made them
- An animal made them
What can you infer if someone is wearing a winter coat and gloves?
- It's cold outside
- They are going to the beach
Work together in pairs: What is the difference between an inference and a conclusion?