What is a simple way to describe inference?
Making an inference means you find clues or hints in a text and use those clues to make a guess. When you make an inference, you use your background knowledge, the context of the text, and the clues in the text to draw a conclusion. A good reader will use the text evidence to make an inference about the story or character.
Inference is when you use information that you already know, along with clues from a text or situation, to make a guess about what the text or situation means. It is an educated guess. Observation is when you use your senses to notice things in the world around you. It is when you use your eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and skin to take in information. Evidence is the facts or details that support an inference. The evidence can help you to back up your inference and make it more likely to be true.
Inference is used in artificial intelligence (AI) to help computers “think” and make decisions. Inference can be used in image recognition applications to identify objects in photos. Inference can be used to predict future events or outcomes based on past data.
Did you know?
Work together in pairs: What is an example of using inference to figure out something that is not explicitly stated in a story?
Work together in pairs: What is an example of an inference you can make about a person you just met?
Brain break: Draw a group of dancing monster figures with ballerina skirts and top hats.
What is an inference?
- A guess based on evidence
- A fact
- An opinion
- A lie
What are the clues or evidence that help you make inferences?
- Details from the text, background knowledge, and personal experience
- Only details from the text
- Background knowledge and personal experience only
What is it called when you combine what you know with what you read to make an inference?
- Reading between the lines
- Text features
- Main idea
Why do readers need to make inferences while reading?
- To better understand what they are reading
- To memorize all of the facts
- To speed up their reading process
If a character in a story says 'I'm freezing' while walking outside without a coat, what can we infer about how he feels?
- He's cold because he didn't wear a coat.
- He's not cold at all.
- He's wearing too many layers.